Chile’s geography is quite unique with the Atacama Desert bordering Peru in the north of the country, the Pacific Ocean in the west, and the Andes Mountain Range forming the eastern border with Argentina and Bolivia. Chile’s Pacific territories include Easter Island and Robinson Crusoe Island, situated on the southwest coast of South America.
Chile was colonised in the early 16th century when the Spaniards arrived in the Mapocho Valley, where they founded Santiago. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries settlers arrived from Europe – principally from Spain, Germany, Italy, and France. Until that time the country had been sparsely populated mainly by indigenous Mapuches and Quechuas.
Santiago, the Atacama Desert, The Lakes Region and Patagonia should all be on your list to visit whilst travelling around Chile. Explore our itineraries here.